Archival Information Systems (AIS) are becoming increasingly important. For decades, the amount of content created digitally is growing and its complete life cycle nowadays tends to remain digital. A selection of this content is expected to be of value for the future and can thus be considered being part of our cultural heritage. However, digital content poses many challenges for long-term or indefinite preservation, e.g. digital publications become increasingly complex by the embedding of different kinds of multimedia, data in arbitrary formats and software. As soon as these digital publications become obsolete, but are still deemed to be of value in the future, they have to be transferred smoothly into appropriate AIS where they need to be kept accessible even through changing technologies.
The successful previous SDA workshops showed: Both, the library and the archiving community have made valuable contributions to the management of huge amounts of knowledge and data. However, both are approaching this topic from different views which shall be brought together to cross-fertilize each other. There are promising combinations of pertinence and provenance models since those are traditionally the prevailing knowledge organization principles of the library and archiving community, respectively. Another scientific discipline providing promising technical solutions for knowledge representation and knowledge management is semantic technologies, which is supported by appropriate W3C recommendations and a large user community. At the forefront of making the semantic web a mature and applicable reality is the linked data initiative, which already has started to be adopted by the library community. It can be expected that using semantic (web) technologies in general and linked data in particular can mature the area of digital archiving as well as technologically tighten the natural bond between digital libraries and digital archives. Semantic representations of contextual knowledge about cultural heritage objects will enhance organization and access of data and knowledge. In order to achieve a comprehensive investigation, the information seeking and document triage behaviors of users (an area also classified under the field of Human Computer Interaction) will also be included in the research.
One of the major challenges of digital archiving is how to deal with changing technologies and changing user communities. On the one hand software, hardware and (multimedia) data formats that become obsolete and are not supported anymore still need to be kept accessible. On the other hand changing user communities necessitate technical means to formalize, detect and measure knowledge evolution. Furthermore, digital archival records are usually not deleted from the AIS and therefore, the amount of digitally archived (multimedia) content can be expected to grow rapidly. Therefore, efficient storage management solutions geared to the fact that cultural heritage is not as frequently accessed like up-to-date content residing in a digital library are required. Software and hardware needs to be tightly connected based on sophisticated knowledge representation and management models in order to face that challenge.
In line with the above, contributions to the workshop should focus on, but are not limited to:
- Architectures and Frameworks for semantic AIS and AII
- Semantic (Web) services implementing AIS & AII
- Contextualization of digital archives, museums and digital libraries
- Linked data for AIS, AII, museums and digital libraries
- Ontologies for AIS, AII, museums and digital libraries
- Semantics of complex content (e.g. Social Media, Multimedia)
- Information integration/semantic ingest (e.g. from digital libraries)
- Semantic search & information retrieval in digital archives, digital museums and digital libraries
- User interfaces for (semantic) AIS, AII, digital museums & semantic digital libraries
- Semantics for Preservation Processes and Protocols
- Preservation of work flow processes
- (Semantic) provenance models
- Semantics for the appraisal and selection of content
- Evolving semantics in long-term archives
- Trust for ingest & data security/integrity check for long-term storage of archival records
- User studies focusing on end-user needs and information seeking behavior of end-users
- Implementations & evaluations of (semantic) AIS, AII, semantic digital museums & semantic digital libraries
- Semantic long-term storage & hardware organization for AIS & AII & digital libraries
We expect new insights and results for sustainable technical solutions for digital archiving using knowledge management techniques based on semantic technologies. The workshop emphasizes interdisciplinarity and aims at an audience consisting of scientists and scholars from the digital library, digital archiving, multimedia technology and semantic web community, the information and library sciences, as well as, from the social sciences and (digital) humanities, in particular people working on the mentioned topics. We encourage end-users, practitioners and policy-makers from cultural heritage institutions to participate as well.